Tom GalvinChief Investment Officer | February 2022

The Russian Invasion of Ukraine

HIGHLIGHTS

> No changes to our investment portfolios at this stage of the conflict, but remain cautious near term.

> Expect volatility to remain elevated until uncertainty subsides.

> Limited impact on US economy and corporate profits, Europe is significantly more exposed supporting CNR underweight.

> Impact is mainly on inflation, which will stay modestly higher for some part of the year.

> Historically, market reactions during these events prove to be worthwhile long-term investment opportunities.

Overview

To reflect the invasion of Ukraine by Russian military forces on Feb 24, we are updating our framework and expanding the range of potential outcomes to include an extreme scenario under which we would anticipate making potential changes to our asset allocation positioning. However, given our current assessment of developments, our conclusion is that US macroeconomic impacts will be limited and manageable, and we are not at present taking any additional portfolio actions. Direct exposure to Ukraine and Russia in our flagship strategies is nominal, amounting to less than 2% of total assets. While uncertainty and volatility should continue to be high until the crisis is over, history shows us that markets tend to be resilient over time to geopolitical risk, as long as economic and corporate fundamentals are strong.

Indeed, the intermediate to longer-term outlook continues to be favorable, and we are maintaining our overweight risk assets with expectations that the US economy will grow strongly this year and that corporate earnings will reach record levels. In equities, our focus remains on high-quality US companies with durable and sustainable revenues, and superior competitive positioning, while we also continue to significantly underweight European equities, which are expected to meaningfully underperform going forward. In fixed income, we remain overweight high-yield corporate and muni bonds. As stewards of capital, we are attentive to risks but also need to balance our vigilance against the opportunity ahead for higher returns in client portfolios. In the unlikely extreme outcome described below, we would change course quickly to diligently manage capital at risk.

Revised Risk Framework and Economic Implications

Our risk frame now includes 3 scenarios: hopeful, most likely and extreme. Our “Most Likely” outcome has gone from 60-75% probability to 85% and is now assuming that Russian aggression will be met with severe Western sanctions, though the most onerous financial ones, as well as those covering food and energy commodities, are likely to be avoided for the moment. Risk assets and global equities will remain volatile in this scenario, but we expect the US to outperform Europe.

After 75 years of peace, this invasion will likely impact Europe much more so than US through higher commodity and energy prices, further supply chain disruptions and sanctions on European companies that have been doing business with or lending to Russian entities. The direct im¬pact on the US economy is significantly lower, as Russia and Ukraine represent less than 1% of sales and earnings for the S&P 500, and trade flows with both nations amount to less than 1% of US GDP. Although slower economic growth from Europe could have some impact on large US companies, underlying US fundamentals are strong and our proprietary 4Ps framework* continues to indicate the US has not only structural advantages but a superior economic and earnings growth profile over the next few years.

In the US, the main source of risk for broader economic repercussions come from inflation, as the rise in global commodity prices and supply chain disruptions from the Ukrainian invasion will likely keep price pressures elevated domestically in the near term and may delay improvements we anticipate in the second half of 2022. Given this environment, we do not believe the Fed will deviate meaningfully from its current policy direction. Also, we expect that “flight to safety” in financial markets will be moderate in this scenario, with the value of the US dollar moving modestly higher and the yield on treasuries modestly lower.

Our other two scenarios have significantly lower probabilities. Perhaps we’re being too hopeful, but there is a 10% chance that the Zelensky administration can find a means to work with Putin. At the other end of the spectrum is the extreme scenario, which we assign a 5% probability. In this outcome, not only does Russia complete its hostile takeover of the Ukraine, but it extends its aggression to other nations in the region. Such an action would likely lead to the most severe sanctions being implemented to cripple the Russian financial system and economy. If we were to sense such an outcome would occur, we would be more likely to focus on risk mitigation of capital, depending on the facts on the ground.

Index Definitions

S&P 500 Index (S&P500) is a stock market index that tracks the 500 most widely held stocks on the New York Stock Exchange or NASDAQ. It seeks to represent the entire stock market by reflecting the risk and return of all large-cap companies.

The 4P analysis is a proprietary framework for global equity allocation. Country rankings are derived from a subjective metrics system that combines the economic data for such countries with other factors including fiscal policies, demographics, innovative growth and corporate growth. These rankings are subjective and may be derived from data that contain inherent limitations.

Important Disclosures

This document is for general information and education only. It is not meant to provide specific tax guidance. The information in this document was compiled by the staff of City National Rochdale (City National). Certain information has been provided by third-party sources and, although believed to be reliable, it has not been independently verified and its accuracy or completeness cannot be guaranteed. The opinions expressed, together with any estimates or projections given, constitute the judgment of the author as of the date of the presentation. City National has no obligation to update, modify, or amend this document or otherwise notify you in the event any information stated, opinion expressed, matter discussed, estimate, or projection changes or is determined to be inaccurate.

The information presented does not involve the rendering of personalized investment, financial, legal, or tax advice. This presentation is not an offer to buy or sell, or a solicitation of any offer to buy or sell, any of the securities mentioned herein.

Certain statements contained herein may constitute projections, forecasts, and other forward-looking statements, which do not reflect actual results and are based primarily upon a hypothetical set of assumptions applied to certain historical financial information. Certain information has been provided by third-party sources, and although believed to be reliable, it has not been independently verified, and its accuracy or completeness cannot be guaranteed.

Any opinions, projections, forecasts, and forward-looking statements presented herein are valid as of the date of this document and are subject to change.

All investing is subject to risk, including the possible loss of the money you invest. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

Investment management services provided by City National Bank through its wholly owned subsidiary City National Rochdale, LLC, a registered investment advisor.

CNR is free from any political affiliation and does not support any political party or group over another.

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